Alaska Definition and Meaning (Visit Alaska USA)

Alaska Definition and Meaning – Where in the United States is Alaska? Location map of the State of Alaska in the US.
The biggest US state is located on a vast peninsula in the northern part region of North America. Its 10,690-km (6,640 miles) coastline runs across its Beaufort as well as the Chukchi Seas (both marginal seas of the Arctic Ocean), the Bering Strait, Bering Sea. Bering Sea, as well as in the Gulf of Alaska, a branch that is part of the Pacific Ocean.

Alaska can be separated from other 48 contiguous U.S. states by Canada. The Bering Strait is a strait connecting two oceans, the Pacific and the Arctic Oceans is a strait that separates Asia (the Chukchi Peninsula of Russia) from North America (the Seward Peninsula of Alaska).
Alaska is one of the two US states that is not connected to another state. Hawaii USA is the other.

Alaska is bordered by Canada in the eastern part (the Canadian provinces of Yukon Territory and British Columbia) and shares an oceanic border to Russia in the West. The state’s name “The Last Frontier” is The Last Frontier.

Alaska USA History
The background of Alaska is traced up to Upper Paleolithic period. Genetic studies suggest that a single group of modern humans moved from the south of Siberia towards the landmass that is known by Bering Land Bridge. Bering Land Bridge up to thirty thousand years ago. About 16,500 years ago, people relocated to the Americas.
Since that the Bering Land Bridge is now submerged, archeological artifacts from the past are almost non-existent. Archeologists have discovered artifacts found on the land, which provide evidence of human activities across North as well as South America dating roughly 12,000 years ago.

In the period of European contact with Russian explorations in the middle of the 18th century, the region was inhabited by groups of Alaskan Native people. Alaska was an Russian colony from 1740s through 1867 when the land was bought in the United States from the Russians for $7.2 million. Acceptance into the Union took place on the 3rd of January in 1959. Alaska was declared one of the states that became 49 in 1959.

After the discovery of oil in the year 1968 A pipeline was constructed in 1977, allowing the transport of the oil across in the North Slope to Valdez, an old gold rush town which became a major port town in Alaska.

General Map of Alaska, United States.

The map is detailed and illustrates what is known as the US states of Alaska as well as Alaska and the Aleutian Islands with maritime and land borders as well as the location of the capital city Juneau and the major cities as well as populous areas including bays and inlets in the ocean, lakes and rivers, the highest mountains major highways ferry routes (Alaska Marine Highway), major airports, railroads and railways.

You are allowed to make use of the above map for educational or similar reasons; however, if you publish it online or print, it is required to mention the Nations Online Project as the source.

A single hiker on the De Long Mountains in northwestern Alaska near Nakolik National Preserve. Nakolik landing strip located at Noatak National Preserve.

Area
The state is comprised of 1,723,337 square kilometers (665,384 sq miles) [23and is the biggest in states in the United States. US states. Comparatively, Alaska is three times the size of the Iberian Peninsula, in comparison to other US states. Alaska has a size 2.5 times larger than Texas in addition, New Jersey would be able to fit in 76 times.
The U.S. federal government owns and manages about 70% of the state’s public areas, including the national parks of 24 and 16 wildlife refuges and two forests that are national.

Alaska USA Population
Alaska is one of the most populous states within the US. By mid-2021, 732,673 resided in Alaska. Capital city of Alaska of Alaska is Juneau. The most spoken languages include English along with 20 other indigenous American languages.

The biggest cities in Alaska include Anchorage (pop. : 291,538), Juneau (pop. : 32,113), Fairbanks (pop. : 31,516), Wasilla (pop. : 10,529), Sitka (pop. : 8,647), Ketchikan (pop. : 8,289), Kenai (pop. : 7,778), and Kodiak (pop. : 5,968).

Climate of Alaska USA
The tundra climate is predominant in the northern region, with temperatures hovering around the freezing point, which causes permafrost to rule (the ground is frozen all the time.) The southern regions of Alaska are mostly marked by an subarctic climate that has extremely cold winters as well as short cool to mild summers. In the month of December 2021, one of the coldest US state recorded the hottest December day ever, in the midst of an unusual winter warm period. Temperatures reached historic 19.4C (67F) at the island known as Kodiak. It was a record day for Kodiak. In the same period temperatures across Nuiqsut (North Slope) were in the region of -40F/C.

An art work. View from the satellite of permafrost melting creeks and ponds in the vast expanse of flatlands that lie north of the Brooks Range in Alaska’s Far North.

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Alaska’s Regions
Alaska is split into five areas (from the north towards south):

1. The Far North or Arctic Alaska is a vast region that lies in between Yukon River and the Arctic Ocean. Many Alaskan Natives lived in the region, and they earned their living by fishing and hunting.

Along the shores of the Arctic Ocean stretches the flat boggy coastal plains called the Arctic coastal tundra an ecoregion made up with solid permafrost, which is distinguished by poor drainage and a variety of lakes and ponds that are covered by up to 50 percent of the area.

The Brooks Mountain Range (Athabaskan Gwazhal) dominates the south-facing landscape of the plains gradually rising that comprise the North Slope. The range spans 1,000 km (700 miles) in a gentle line from east to west. It is believed that the Brooks Mountains reach altitudes of between 1,500 and 2,700 meters. Mount Isto which is 2.735 meters is the highest mountain within the Brooks Range.

A large portion of Arctic Alaska lies within the Arctic Circle. The region has the midnight sun during summer and the polar nights during winter. The Aurora borealis or “northern lights” may be observed between the end of August and April.

2. South of the Brook Range is the wilderness part that is part of the Interior in central Alaska and is situated on Fairbanks Fairbanks, which is the largest city of the Interior and is bordered by Alaska Range in the south. The native Athabaskan people, who were hunter-gatherer culture, first settled the area.

Scenery close to Beluga Point Lookout south of Anchorage The Turnagain Arm (Gulf of Alaska) in the background as seen from the railway track that make up the Alaska Railroad.

3. The Alaska’s Southwest region, which runs along Kuskokwim Bay and Bristol Bay comprises Nunivak Island, the Yukon Delta region, Alaska Peninsula and the Aleutian Islands chain as well as that of the Kodiak Archipelago.

4. Southcentral Alaska is situated roughly between the Alaska Range and the south coast of the Gulf of Alaska. The region is centered on Prince William Sound. The terrain is divided into the Mat-Su Valley (Matanuska-Susitna), the Copper River Valley, the Anchorage Area and Kenai Peninsula. Kenai Peninsula.

5. The Alaskan portion of the Inside Passage (aka the Alaska Panhandle or Southeast Alaska) is situated in the southeast of the mainland of Alaska. The panhandle stretches for 840 km (520 miles) between northwest and southeast and south of the Canadian Yukon Territory and British Columbia across in the Gulf of Alaska. The rugged terrain offers complex fjords, glacier-shaped mountain ranges and valleys that are dotted with temperate rainforests and sparkling white and blue Icefields that produce glaciers.

Mountains of Alaska USA

Shishaldin is an active volcano located on Unimak Island in the Aleutian Islands. It’s probably the most congruous cone-shaped glacier-clad huge mountain on earth.

The time America United States bought Alaska from the Russians for $7.2 million, the deal consisted of all of America’s most awe-inspiring mountains.

The highest altitude in the world The highest altitude in the world is Denali (also called in the form of Mount McKinley and Bolshaya Gora) which is the highest peak of North America. United States and North America with a peak height of 6190 meters (20,310 feet). It is situated within the Alaska Range in the southern portion of the peninsula. this is by far the largest mountain range anywhere in the world, excluding Asia in the Andes.
Denali is regarded as to be the world’s coldest peak because it has a high altitude and a position close to it’s Arctic Circle. The snow and ice are constant more than 75 per cent of the summit as well as massive glaciers that can be that can be up to 70 kilometers (45 miles) long and up to 1 km (3,700 feet) thick, extend from the base in all directions.
List of the highest mountains in Alaska

Lakes of Alaska USA
Alaska is home to more than 3 million lakes. More than 3,000 lakes are officially named. The state has 94 lakes that have the greater than 25 square kilometers (10 sq miles). The largest freshwater lake that is natural within the State is Iliamna with a surface area of 2,978 sq km (1,150 sq miles).
Rivers of Alaska
Koyukuk River within the Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge in the late summer. The Koyukuk is an tributary of the Yukon River.
There are over 3000 rivers in the state.

The principal river of Alaska is called the Yukon The Yukon’s source is British Columbia, Canada, and it drains in the Bering Sea. The Yukon measures 3,698 kilometers (2,298 miles) long and runs over 3,017 kilometers (1,875 miles) in Alaska. The Yukon is ranked third in terms of length among the US rivers, just behind Mississippi and Missouri. Mississippi as well as the Missouri.
Principal tributaries of Yukon in Alaska include The Porcupine and the Tanana along with the Koyukuk rivers.

Another major river in Alaska is called the Colville River, one of the most northernmost major river systems within North America, rises in the DeLong Mountains and flows to the Beaufort Sea (Arctic Ocean).

The view from Iliamna lake, which is located in the northern part of the Alaska Peninsula; it is the largest freshwater natural lake in the state, with the area of around 3000 km2.

The Noatak is an Arctic River located that flows north from the Arctic Circle. A large portion of Noatak forms part of the National Wild and Scenic Rivers System.

The 450-kilometer (280 miles) length Kobuk River in the Arctic region of northwestern Alaska flows into the Kotzebue Sound.

Kuskokwim Kuskokwim located in the southwest part of the state is a major source of drainage across that region of the Alaska Interior and empties into the Kuskokwim Bay in the Bering Sea.
It is the Susitna River, the “sandy river,” empties into the Cook Inlet of the Pacific Ocean.

The Copper River drains an extensive area that is part of Wrangell and Chugach Mountains; it flows into the Gulf of Alaska.
Islands
Buskin Lake with Pyramid Mountain on Kodiak Island in Alaska.  There are 1 800 named islands in Alaska and 1,000 of them are situated on Southeast Alaska.

The biggest island on the planet is Kodiak Island in the Gulf of Alaska; it is separated from the mainland of Alaska via the Shelikof Strait. It covers an area of 9,293 square kilometers (3,588 sq miles) that makes it bigger that Cyprus.

Glaciers of Alaska USA
Alaska has more than 100,000 glaciers. Three-quarters of all freshwater used in Alaska is stored in glacial ice.

It is located to the southeast to the southeast of Mount Saint Elias is the largest glacier in the piedmont anywhere in the globe, called the Malaspina Glacier; it is part of the St. Elias Mountains glacier system. The glacier is spread over 2,200 km2 (850 sq miles) which is approximately one-half the area of Rhode Island.

It is believed that the Bering Glacier complex is the biggest glacier that exists in Alaska with 5,827 sq km (2,250 sq miles) and comprises an area known as the Bagley Icefield. Ice fields cover around 5percent of Alaska around 75,110 sq km (29,000 sq miles).

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World Heritage Site

Glacier Bay National Park in Alaska is the international UNESCO World Heritage Site in Alaska. Glacier Bay is one highlight of any Alaska cruise.  Alaska is an UNESCO World Heritage Site with Canada. The site is known as Kluane Wrangell St. Elias Glacier Bay / Tatshenshini-Alsek.

National parks and wilderness areas that are protected that border Canada along with Canada and the United States contain some of the most awe-inspiring mountains found in North America, the largest non-polar icefields on the planet, and instances of some of the longest glaciers in the world.

The breathtaking natural landscapes are a region that is awash with intense tectonic and volcanic, glacial and fluvial processes. They are filled with wildlife, including grizzly bears caribou Alaskan the moose Canadian Dall sheep, and lynx as well as marine mammals and migration-related (anadromous) fishing species.

National Parks of Alaska USA

A view of Bagley Icefield in southeastern Alaska along the Saint Elias Mountains looking southeast towards Mount St. Elias, the second-highest mountain both in of the United States and Canada.

The four parks below comprise the world’s largest protected area on Earth.

Kluane National Park is the highest mountain within Canada, Mount Logan (5,959 metres or 19,551 feet).

Wrangell-St. Elias National Park, (https://www.nps.gov/wrst/) America’s largest national park includes Mount St. Elias, the second-highest mountain in both the United States and Canada at 5,489 m (18,008 ft.).

Glacier Bay (https://www.nps.gov/glba/) Glacier Bay National Park is a wilderness area and a biosphere reserve in the Inside Passage (Alaska panhandle) west of Juneau.
The park covers 13,350 square kilometers (5,150 sq miles) The park is characterized by mountains with high peaks, such as Mount Fairweather and glaciers such as the massive Grand Pacific Glacier.

Tatshenshini Alsek is a park in the wilderness located in British Columbia, Canada, founded in 1993 following an extensive campaign led initiated by Canadian as well as American conservation organizations to stop mining development and exploration within the region.

Population of Alaska USA
Alaska State Capitol in Juneau, Alaska’s capital. This Art Deco style building houses the bicameral Alaska State Legislature.

The vast state of Alaska is home to an number of 732,673 inhabitants (est. 2021) It is the third-lowest populous states of the United States. The capital city is Juneau The city is situated within the Alaskan panhandle in the southeast region (Inside Passage). The biggest and largest city in the world in the state is Anchorage which is an ocean port in southern Alaska situated in Cook Inlet, a branch of the Gulf of Alaska (Pacific Ocean).

Ethnic and Race groups
The population of Alaska is comprised consisting of White American 60%, Alaska Native 15.6 percent, Hispanic or Latino 7.3 percent, Asian 6.5%, and African American 3.7%.

Cities and Towns in Alaska

The map indicates the location of the following towns and cities in Alaska:

Most populous city in Alaska with an estimated population of 10,000 people:

Anchorage (292,000), Fairbanks (32,000), Juneau (31,000), Badger (Fairbanks MSA), Knik-Fairview (Anchorage MSA), and College (Fairbanks MSA).

Major Airports in Alaska
The busiest airports are
Ted Stevens Anchorage International AirportFairbanks International AirportJuneau International Airport

Other towns and cities in Alaska:
Adak, Attu, Barrow, Bethel, Bettles, Chignik, Circle, Council, Dillingham, Galena, Gambell, Glennallen, Holy Cross, Homer, Hooper Bay, Kenai, Ketchikan, King Salmon, Kodiak, Kotzebue, Koyuk, Livengood, Manley Hot Springs, Nenana, Nome, Nuiqsut, Palmer, Prudhoe Bay, Selawik, Seward, Sitka, Skagway, Taylor, Teller, Tok, Unalakleet, Unalaska, Valdez, Wainwright, Wrangell and Yakutat.

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