Diabetes can affect your body’s capacity to control glucose (glucose) amounts. A lack of control over blood sugar levels can lead to serious health issues . That’s the reason keeping track of the levels of your blood sugar and staying within guidelines is vital.
The blood sugar levels you are recommended to have may vary based on a variety of factors, such as your health status, age and goals for managing diabetes.
The charts in this article can help you to understand the recommended ranges for blood sugar levels, and for A1C.
Blood sugar levels that are recommended for blood sugar
The blood sugar levels that are recommended can help you determine the level of your blood sugar inside those of the “normal” range.
The blood sugar goal could differ from the usual guidelines due to:
- your general health
- Your age
- the presence of other health problems (known by the term co-morbidities)
- how long time you’ve had to suffer from the duration of your diabetes.
A doctor or healthcare professional will be able to inform you what the best range of care appropriate for you, based the medical background as well as your general health.
The recommended blood sugar ranges for people with Type 1 diabetes or type 2 and also for children suffering from type 2 diabetes.
According to the American Diabetes Association the following glucose levels for blood are recommended for people suffering from diabetes of type 1 and type II diabetes as well as for children with Type 2 Type 2 Diabetes:
|Time||Blood sugar levels which are recommended for blood|
|Fasting (before eating)||80-130 mg/dL|
|2 hours immediately following the meal||Below 180 mg/dL|
They are adjusted to accommodate children less than 18 years of age who suffer from Type 1 Diabetes, pregnancies women, and those who suffer from gestational diabetes as outlined in the tables below.
The blood sugar ranges of children who are younger than 18 years old who have type 1 diabetes
The table below shows what the blood glucose range suggested for children less than 18 years of age and suffer from type 1 diabetes.
|Time||Levels of blood sugar which are recommended|
|Fasting (before eating)||90-130 mg/dL|
|sleep time as well as nighttime||90-150 mg/dL|
The levels of blood sugar are suggested for pregnant women who suffer from type 1 diabetes.
|Time||Blood sugar levels that are suggested for blood sugar levels|
|Fasting (before eating)||Lower than 95 mg/dL|
|1 hour after eating||140 mg/dL or less|
|2 hours after eating||120 mg/dL or less|
It is the blood sugar level of individuals who suffer from gestational diabetes
|Time||Levels of blood sugar which are recommended|
|Fasting (before eating)||Below 95 mg/dL|
|one hour immediately following the meal||140 mg/dL or less|
|2 hours immediately following the meal||120 mg/dL or less|
The blood sugar levels that are recommended is even if your don’t suffer from diabetes.
For people with diabetes, typical blood sugar levels are the same regardless of the status or age. However, your physician might decide to set different goals based on the particulars of your case.
If, for example, you are a victim of a variety of potential risk factors to develop diabetes in the future, your physician might suggest your blood sugar levels to stay within a particular interval.
The normal blood sugar range that is the Trusted Source for those who do not suffer from diabetes can be seen in the graph below.
|Time||Blood sugar levels which are suggested for blood|
|Fasting (before eating)||99 mg/dL and less|
|One hour following having eaten||140 mg/dL or less|
What is A1C?
AIC is an assessment of your blood sugar levels over the last three months. In order to get your A1C test done, you’ll need the blood sample.
If sugar enters the bloodstream it bonds to a protein referred to as hemoglobin. Patients with excessive blood sugar will have an increase in the amount of hemoglobin protein that has been coated by sugar. Its A1C Test results help you determine how much hemoglobin is coated with sugar.
In the following graph it is possible to determine if the A1C test results lies in that “normal” range or whether it’s an indication of prediabetes or diabetes.
|Standard (“normal”)||Do not exceed 5.7 Percentage not less than 5.7|
|Prediabetes||Between 5.7% and 6.5%|
|Diabetes||A little more than 6.5 percent|
It’s suggested that patients suffering from diabetes of any type keep their A1C lower than 7 percent.
However, other medical conditions and goals may influence this. A doctor will inform you what, based upon your specific circumstances, are seeking a different A1C goal.
What should my Blood Glucose Level be?
The blood glucose levels are determined in milligrams per deciliter. The normal variation of the blood glucose level for people who are not diabetic is between 70 and 120 mg/dl.
The Diabetes Center has guidelines for blood glucose readings. This is also known as the range of targets. There are instances when your physician gives you a different set of goals, such as at night , when you exercise, or after eating.
Nationwide Children’s Hospital Diabetes Center Target Blood Glucose Ranges
|Age||Blood Glucose mg/dl|
|Between 0 and 5 years old||100 to 180|
|Between 6 to 9 years old||80 to 140|
|10 years old or older||70 to 120|
The goal is to keep blood sugar in the limit that is set throughout the majority of the time.
What is Hemoglobin A1C?
Hemoglobin A1C is described as an blood test. It’s the blood sugar level that is normal throughout the last 90 days. The test is performed when you are at the time you discover that you’re diabetic and is repeated every three months after that when you go to the clinic. If you’re not diabetic, you’ve got an Hemoglobin A1C of less than 5.6 percent.
|The ultimate Hgb A1C of 7.5 percent for children and adults suffering with diabetes.|
Below graph shows what the Hemoglobin A1C results in relation with the blood glucose level.
Why is it necessary to monitor the levels of your blood sugar?
An attentive monitoring of the levels of your blood sugar and knowing the causes that lead to it falling or increase can help you and your health care provider develop a diabetes management plan and set the goals of treatment.
Also, to that, checking your blood sugar level will help you:
- Be aware of how medication affects the blood sugar levels
- Examine how different foods and meals impact your blood sugar levels
- determine if your workout along with other lifestyle changes impact your blood sugar levels
- Keep track on your overall performance
Even if there’s not any indication of diabetes, it’s recommended to get your blood sugar levels regularly monitored. The doctor might recommend checking your blood sugar level in addition to your annual health exam. If you’re at potential risk factors for the disease of diabetes, there’s a requirement to have you blood sugar level examined regularly.
How can you lower blood sugar levels?
The levels of blood sugar which are high are often known as the condition of hyperglycemia is an illness that may make you feel thirsty or tired , and can result in your eyesight to blur. There are many causes which can cause an rise of blood sugar levels for example:
- not getting enough insulin
- eating a huge meal or eating more carbohydrates than normal
- being less physically active than the average.
Over time the accumulation of high blood sugar levels can result in serious health issues such as:
If you find that you have blood sugar levels that are higher than the recommended levels, you can lower them by using quick-acting insulin. Talk to your physician about how amount of insulin you need when you have blood sugars that exceed the recommended level.
However, you’ll have to be sure to take into account any insulin you already have in your body. Certain types of insulin might require a few hours to absorb, which is the reason you need to be wary of taking huge doses of insulin if you are using one which has not had time to fully take effect. This can cause glucose levels in your blood to decrease to a level that is low.
It is suggested to test your blood sugar levels within the 15 to 30 minutes after injecting insulin to ensure you have a level of blood sugar that is going down but are not reaching levels that are low.
Another way to reduce sugar levels is to exercise. When you’re physically active, your body’s metabolism burns up excess glucose in your blood. If you’re suffering from severe hyperglycemia it’s recommended to exercise with caution since it can increase the likelihood for ketoacidosis which can be life-threatening.
Talk to a doctor if you’ve noticed frequent spikes in sugar levels. They could suggest changing your medication or helping you create your own diet plan.
How can you increase your blood sugar levels?
The low level of blood sugar is defined in blood sugar values less than 70 milligrams (mg) per deciliter (dL). If you’re blood sugar levels go too low, you may be experiencing:
- dizzy or lightheaded
- It’s a little Shakey
- It’s irritating.
- It is difficult to concentrate or stay focused.
If your blood sugar levels are low, you might become confused and have difficulty talking and seeing. A drop in blood sugar over an extended period of time can cause serious problems, like seizures or an illness called coma.
See a doctor if your blood sugar falls into levels low. There is a chance that you have to change the type or amount of insulin you’re using or the time you consume it.
It’s a great idea to record the symptoms you may experience in a low blood sugar event and also how long you’ll need to wait for the sugar levels in your blood to return. This can assist a physician in determining the most appropriate treatment plan for you.
The most important factor is the end result
The control of the levels of your blood sugar is among the most crucial factors in managing the disease. The blood sugar that remains within the recommended range by your physician indicates how your food choices, medication along with other options for treating diabetes are working.
Blood sugar levels are usually guidelines. There may be a variance in your blood sugar range due to your general health condition, age, the length of time you’ve had diabetes, as well as other issues.
If your blood glucose tends to increase or drop too much consult an expert from your healthcare regarding changes to your management of diabetes.
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