Common Snakes in Oklahoma – Learning Drives

Common Snakes in Oklahoma – Learning Drives .If you see serpents in your property or are planning to hunt for snakes You might be wondering whether it’s legal to kill snakes within your state. It’s true that there laws that are in place at the laws that are federal and state laws that protect snakes. It is important to be aware of the laws and regulations before making an option to eliminate a snake within your state.

Snakes that are threatened are protected under their protection under the Endangered Species Act 1973. The killing of these species is prohibited. The majority of states regulate hunting for snakes and identify snakes as non-game animals or place strict bag restrictions on snakes. Laws on killing snakes also differ from state to U.S. states.

In this article, we’ll explain the way in which the Endangered Species Act of 1973 is applied at a state-level. We’ll then look at each state’s laws governing the killing of snakes that are venomous and other snakes that are not venomous.

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Can You Kill Snakes Legally?

It is legal to kill wild snakes but there are a few exceptions. The issue is that it’s difficult to recognize the endangered and legal protected snakes. For instance, it is difficult to discern the distinction from one of the California garter snake and the common garter snake.

A lot of snakes are protected under the state and federal laws. You could face a substantial penalty of fine or imprisonment in the event of killing any species protected under U.S. law. But, you have the option of defending yourself if you are attacked by aggressive or poisonous snakes.

Federal Laws on Killing Snakes

Federal laws prohibit the killing of endangered species, which includes certain snakes. The 1973 Endangered species Act (ESA) safeguards more than 1,600 species of plants and wildlife throughout the United States.

Any animal susceptible to be extinct could be protected through the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. The USFWS determines their inclusion in light of how endangered they pose to. There are numerous snakes listed which include:

  • Indigo snakes
  • Louisiana pine snakes
  • Lake Erie water snakes
  • A rattlesnake from the eastern Massasauga
  • Many garter snake subspecies

Fines for Killing Snakes

The penalty for not complying to the Endangered Species Act 1973 carries the maximum penalty of $50,000 , and/or 1 year of imprisonment. In terms of the fines for violating the law of the state they vary greatly. If you’re found guilty by the law, the maximum penalty could be several hundred dollars.

For instance, Maryland has some of the most strict laws regarding the protection of snakes. As per CBS Local the group of men in Maryland were fined $500 each to kill a rattlesnake and $300 of that was suspended.

Snake Killing Laws by State

Although federal laws are unambiguous but state law is quite different. Let’s examine the laws every state has regarding killing snakes.


A majority of the snakes that live in Alabama are not protected by the federal or state laws. However, it is illegal to capture, take and kill, sell or trade a variety of snake species. The following are the ones:

  • The snakes of the black pine
  • The Eastern Coachwhip Snake
  • Indigo in the eastern part of India
  • It is the Florida pine snake
  • The Gulf salt marsh snake
  • The southern Hognose snake

Indigos of the eastern region are especially endangered and is protected under the state and federal laws.

If an animal is attacked or attacks you, you are entitled for self-defense.


Alaska isn’t famous as a snake-friendly state. The only snake that you will see within Alaska is the typical garter snake. It is among the most northern snake species in the world. The killing of the snakes of Alaska can be legal.

However, federal laws do still apply. If you find an threatened snake in Alaska which is protected under the ESA and the ESA, it is illegal killing it. Naturally, the number of snakes covered by the ESA does not extend to Alaska However, it’s still unlawful under federal law.


There are four protected snakes that are protected by the Arizona Game and Fish Department. They are the ridge nosed twin-spotted, rock and Massasauga snakes. If you kill one or more of them, you may be subject to an indictment or a fine.

It is legal to kill other types of rattlesnake (not that massasauga one) in Arizona in the event that you have an appropriate hunting permit. If you hunt without a license and are caught, you could be accused of violating hunting regulations.

The state of Arizona which prohibit the killing of snakes under certain conditions. For instance, it’s not legal to shoot a weapon inside the city boundaries (or beyond those boundaries from outside). There are exceptions to this:

  • If you’re on the firing range, you are in danger.
  • If you reside in an area which is approved to hunt through Arizona Game and Fish Department Arizona Game and Fish Department
  • Self-defense/defense of another or against an animal attack
  • If you’re shooting blanks, you’re not doing anything.
  • If you’ve got an authorization to hunt nuisance wildlife, you’re eligible.

If you shoot an animal outside of these exceptions, you may be charged according to the law. Here’s a comprehensive guide about the venomous snakes found within Arizona.


It’s not legal killing any reptile, unless it is proven that they “pose reasonable threat or endangerment to persons or property.” According to an individual killed a snake when it bit his dog. He was entitled to kill it because it threatened his property.

If the snake is killed in reasons of no consequence, this will be considered illegal. And in the Arkansas’ General Regulations, they aren’t allowed to hunt. Only animals with an open season that is specified according to the Arkansas Hunting Guidebook can be hunted legally. Snakes aren’t listed.


The state of California the legal status for the killing or capture of snakes is well-defined and codified. In the 2018-2019 Freshwater Sport Fishing Regulations, the open season runs all the time. Many species of snakes can be legally hunted.

There are six species of rattlesnakes in California None of them are classified as endangered. Legally, you can catch or kill two snakes of any species simultaneously. You are able to do it without requiring the need for a license (Fish and Game Code, section 7149.3).

The only rattlesnake secured is the rattlesnake with a red diamond Crotalus ruber. Other snakes are protected as well. For instance, giant garter snake, the San Francisco garter snake and the giant garter snake are both covered by the ESA.


The law permits killing a rattlesnake as long as it poses no danger towards your personal safety and property. The method you employ for killing them has to conform with the city and county laws. For instance, it’s not legal to shoot a snake in a city where it’s not legal to shoot an gun within the city boundaries.

All other snakes that live in Colorado are considered to be nongame wildlife. They are protected under the law, just like other types species of wildlife which are not game-related. Hunting snakes can be punished as an infraction of the law.

Since they’re not specified in C.R.S.A. SS 33-6-109, the maximum you’ll be able to receive is a fine of $50 and five suspended hunting license points.


There fourteen species of snakes in Connecticut and only two are poisonous. They are the wood rattlesnake and the copperhead.

The timber rattlesnake is endangered and is protected by law. There are four snakes that are classified as species of significance, which includes:

  • The timber rattlesnake
  • The eastern snake is a hognose
  • The sleek green snake
  • The eastern ribbon snakes through the eastern ribbon.

The snakes, as well with other animals are protected by the Connecticut Endangered Species Act (1989). The killing or capture of any of the animals listed in this law could lead to legal enforcement.


It is true that the Delaware Code doesn’t offer protection for snakes. Title 7, Conservation: Game, Wildlife and Dogs, Ch. 7. Subchapter VI (Other Game and Fish) includes nongame species. It also governs how certain species can be hunted, such as raccoons deer, opossums and Foxes.

But, there’s nothing about snakes. The code governs the possibility of exotic snakes being kept, but it doesn’t say anything about killing native species.

Only federal laws are in effect. In Delaware the native corn snakes and eastern scarlet snakes and redbelly water snakes are classified as endangered. They are covered by the ESA However, any other snakes considered to be considered fair game.


Many snake species are either endangered or in danger of being endangered. This includes:

  • Indigo in the eastern part of India
  • Florida Brown Snake Florida brown snake
  • Florida pine snake Florida pine snake
  • The key Ringneck Snake
  • The snake with a short tail

Eastern indigo snakes are an protected ESA species. Based on the Center for Biological Diversity two snakes are considered to be included. The two snakes include those of the Florida pine snake and the snake with a short tail. Even so, they are not protected.

There are other non-native species which are currently colonizing Florida especially the Everglades. In the Everglades, the Burmese Python is invading the region. It has led to massive destruction of habitat and the extinction of native species. It is legal to hunt snakes.


Georgia has some of the most strict laws in regards to snakes. It is illegal to even keep the native nonvenomous snakes in your home as animals without permits and even to killing the animals. The killing of any nonvenomous snake is illegal.

If you kill a nonvenomous snake you’ll be fined $1,000 and up to one year in prison (O.C.G.A. 27-1-28 – Killing off of species that are not game).

It’s legal to kill snakes that venom. Snakes that are not venomous are found in Georgia are included in the ESA. It is possible to kill any native snake that is venomous.


The blind bimini and snakes with bimini blinds and Yellow-bellied Sea Snake can be found on or near the island. The species are not threatened or protected. It is unlawful to own or import any snake within Hawaii. Hawaii. There is a fine of as high as $200,000.


In Idaho there is the possibility of killing rattlesnakes and other non-game species that are protected in the event that your safety or property are at risk.

There aren’t any threats or endangered species of snakes in Idaho. As per the Idaho Department of Fish and Game You can capture 4 snakes from any species, without having a hunting permit.


There are a variety of threatened and threatened snakes living in Illinois and Illinois, such as:

  • Great Plains Rat Snake
  • Eastern Coachwhip
  • Broad-banded Water Snake
  • Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake
  • Kirtland’s Snake
  • Timber Rattlesnake
  • Western Hognose Snake
  • Mississippi Green Water Snake
  • Flathead Snake
  • Eastern Ribbon Snake
  • Lined Snake

Eastern massasauga rattlesnake is only one that is protected from the ESA. According to (510 ILCS 68/) Herptiles-Herps Act, killing any threatened and endangered snake can be allowed on your property.


In Indiana it is illegal to kill, hurt, or capture any snake that is in the wild without the approval of a permit.

If you have a fishing or hunting license, you may catch 4 of any endangered or threatened species. The federal laws on the endangered and threatened species are also applicable. In Indiana they are those of the Copperbelly Water Snake and the massasauga rattlesnake.


In Iowa the only federally protected serpent is the massasauga rattlesnake. As per the Iowa Department of Natural Resources only garter snakes are able to legally be caught, taken, and killed in every county in the state.

Timber rattlesnakes can be found in fourteen of the 99 counties. They can however get killed in 50-yards of an dwelling. The rest of the snakes can’t be killed or captured without a permit issued by a scientist.


There are 40 species of snakes in Kansas and 6 are poisonous. In Kansas they are protected by laws. You need to get an exemption to capture and maintain one e.g. in a rattlesnake roundup on the prairie.

A valid hunting permit is required to hunt snakes, reptiles and reptiles. The season for open hunting is all year. 5 snakes are able to be taken or killed in a single.


It’s illegal to kill or own the copper belly water snakes in Kentucky. Apart from this species, snakes are not protected. There are no native species recognized under the ESA.


Louisiana has permissive laws when it comes in killing snakes. There isn’t a protected species, even though they are part of the ESA.

For killing any snake you’ll need just a basic fishing permit. You can take possession of, and kill any native amphibians and reptiles that you like. The only restriction is that you cannot kill or remove creatures that are nesting.


There are nine snake species in Maine. However, there aren’t any snakes that are protected from the ESA. Black racers in northern Maine has been listed in the endangered species list by Maine.

This means that it can’t be killed or taken. The killing of snakes to commercial or trade purpose is completely prohibited. But, killing snakes while they are within your property is permitted (aside of the black racer from northern Africa).


The law prohibits killing any reptile in Maryland without an authorization issued by the Department of Natural Resources. They’re protected under the Nongame and Endangered Species Conservation Act (MD Code, Natural Resources, SS 10-2A-01-09).

This law extends the federal Endangered Specific Species Act (ESA). Local species are protected, regardless of whether they are included in the federal list or not.

Infractions to this law carry the same penalty as a violation of lawful ESA. The penalty could range from $0 to $1,000 or be imprisoned for a year. As per The Cumberland Times-News an individual known as Charles Robertson found this out after removing an old copperhead from his property.


According to the Massachusetts Endangered Species Act, you are not legally allowed to shoot, attack or possess an eastern copperhead, a northern copperhead timber rattlesnake or a black rat snake, or Eastern worm snake. Other species are hunted and kept in captivity for a period of two.


In Michigan the massasauga rattlesnake is protected under the ESA. A number of snakes are protected under Michigan law.

This includes Kirtland’s snake and the black ratsnake (due to their decreasing numbers). They are listed on the Michigan Natural Resources Commission’s list of protected species along with Butler’s garter snake and the smooth green snake.


The lumber rattlesnake and massasauga rattlesnake is protected within Minnesota. Snakes aren’t considered to be as nuisance species, and they are not included in Minnesota’s hunting rules. It’s not illegal to kill snakes. However, it is recommended to let them go or move them instead of killing them.


In Mississippi where it’s legal, you can kill a snake that has venom if it poses a danger to you. It is permissible to also kill snakes that aren’t venomous in the event that they are within your property.

If it’s not your property and you’re not on your property, you’ll require an e-license for small game hunting to kill one as per the Mississippi Department of Wildlife, Fisheries and Parks’ public notice 3201. It is illegal to kill any endangered protected species.


In Missouri Snakes are protected under state law. In the Wildlife Code of Missouri classifies snakes as nongame animals, which means there’s no open season for snakes. Therefore, it is illegal to hunt them or kill them.


There are 10 species of snakes within Montana, and only the prairie rattlesnake has venom. None of Montana’s snakes is covered by the ESA.

The plains hognose snake the milkshake of western Canada and the smooth-green snake are all listed as’species that are of concern. But, this is not legal security.


There aren’t any snakes native to Nebraska which are protected by the ESA. There are so many snake species in Nebraska there aren’t any specific laws that apply to Nebraska.

Timber rattlesnakes were suggested as a member of the ESA in Nebraska because the snake’s range is shrinking. However, this hasn’t been done as of yet.


In Nevada the only snakes with venom are rattlesnakes and there is no protection for them under federal or state law. There aren’t any snakes that aren’t venomous that are listed as protected on the ESA website as protected.

New Hampshire

There are no snakes which reside throughout New Hampshire and are protected by the ESA. However the laws implemented by the New Hampshire Fish and Game Commission define snakes that can’t be killed or taken without the approval of a permit. These include native racers in black Eastern hognose snakes smooth green snakes and the ribbon snake.

New Jersey

There aren’t any venomous or nonvenomous snakes found in New Jersey protected by the ESA. However all New Jersey reptiles are covered by the New Jersey Endangered and Nongame Species Conservation Act.

The bill prohibits the use of kill or take the native species of snakes. This includes the garter snake and Northern water snake Eastern milk snake and the black rat snake and Northern black racer. A northern snake Redbelly’s northern snake Northern ringneck snake and Eastern Ribbon Snake are protected as well.

New Mexico

According to New Mexico Statutes, Chapter 17, Game and Fish and Outdoor Recreation Article 2 Hunting and Fishing Regulations, Part 3 of the Wildlife Conservation Act, several species of snakes are protected. The law protects threatened species and certain snakes are included in the remit of this act, such as:

  • Gray-banded Kingsnakes
  • Mexican garter snakes
  • Plain-bellied water snakes
  • Ridge snakes with noses

New York

There are just 16 snake species native to New York state. Of them, two are threatened species. These include The Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake and the Queen snake, both of which are both in small and declining numbers.

As per the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation According to the New York State Department of Environmental Conservation, you are allowed to not trap, kill or capture the native species of snakes at any moment. There is not an open season for salamanders, snakes, or lizards.

North Carolina

There is a law against killing some species of snakes, both venomous and non-venomous snakes in North Carolina, if they’re classified as N.C. Species of Special Concern.

They are the species that are threatened or threatened by declines in population. They aren’t able to be collected without a permit and you’re allowed to kill them if they pose a serious danger. The snakes that are included comprise:

  • Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes
  • Eastern coral snakes
  • Timber rattlesnakes
  • Pigmy rattlesnakes
  • Southern Hognose snakes
  • Pine snakes
  • Carolina water snakes
  • Outer Banks kingsnakes

Any animal or snake that is located in a state or national parks is protected.

North Dakota

Two snake species are listed under Level I Species of Conservation Priority in North Dakota. They are the sleek Green Snake and the plains-hognose snake. There aren’t any specific protections in place for these species.

To take out small game animals, it is necessary to have the license of a predator/varmint. It’s not clear if snakes count as small game animals.


In Ohio there isn’t a defined bag limit on all snakes. Also, there is no specific season. Only the rattlesnake massassauga and copper belly are regarded as nongame animals. The other species are considered fair game. The massassauga rattlesnake appears in the ESA list of threatened species.


It’s illegal to own any reptile, even snakes, unless you possess either a fishing or hunting permit (depending of whether fishing or hunting an aquatic or a land snake). There isn’t a law that prohibits killing them if they are causing nuisance in any way, e.g. through entering your property.

Additionally when you’re participating in a hunt for rattlesnakes and you want to hunt for rattlesnakes, then you must be licensed to hunt. The laws of the federal government that govern endangered species are also applicable.


There are four snakes in Oregon that are classified as protected species that are not game. It is therefore unlawful to kill them or even capture them, or even possess the animals. They are known as the common kingsnake, California mountain kingsnake sharp-tailed snake and that of the west ground snake.


Each snake species found that is found in Pennsylvania is protected under regulations of the Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission’s rules. Any species that is not classified as threatened, endangered or a candidate endangered species could be captured or taken into possession. The limit on bags is one.

Rhode Island

In accordance with the hunting regulations of Rhode Island, the hunting of any amphibian or reptile is not permitted. The only exception is a specific permits which is almost certain to not be permitted. The wood rattlesnake that you find is protected. You’re not allowed to play with the nests of its eggs or nests.

South Carolina

It is illegal to kill or harm animals in South Carolina, it’s illegal to kill or injure any animal without an authorization. Permits come from the South Carolina Department of Natural Resources, and they’re for specifically designated Game Management Areas.

South Dakota

There are no species of snake that are considered to be threatened in South Dakota. There is also no mention to reptiles in general or snakes in particular in the hunting regulations of South Dakota. There is no law that prohibits the killing of snakes.


The state of Tennessee it is illegal to kill wild snakes without the approval of a permit. However, as is typically the case, it is within your rights to defend yourself when you’re truly in danger with a snake. If you discover the presence of a snake in your house For instance you may kill the snake instead than calling pest control.


In Texas the state of Texas, native snakes are not considered nongame animals. The only 2 species secured are the Eastern Timber rattlesnake and an indigo snake. They are also not classified as game animals. There’s no specific size limit on snakes’ bags in Texas. Here’s more information about snakes that are venomous that live in Texas.


The limit on bags is set for each species of native snake within Utah. For instance, the annual collection limit for desert night snakes is 3 and it is the limit on possession is 9. The annual limit for wandering garter snakes however the limit is set at 25. To find a complete list of restrictions you can visit the Utah DNR’s website.


As per their regulations, Vermont Fish & Wildlife requires that anyone who is fishing, hunting, trapping or taking wild animals is required to obtain a license. There is no limit on bags for snakes. There is only one exemption: the rattlesnake made of timber which is protected.


Virginia has detailed laws in the killing of snakes. They’re considered to be non-game species. This means that you cannot take them to the brink of death in their natural habitat, however, should they be threatening either you or the property you get the legal right to take them down. This is also true for snakes that pose a threat to your livestock.


The season for hunting snakes is all year long, and there is no restriction.

West Virginia

For West Virginia, regulations introduced in 2014 set the annual amount of bags for native snakes at four. The only exceptions to this are the northerly copperhead and the timber rattlesnake. They have a annually set bag size limit, which is just one. The season runs all year.

If you’re looking to capture or kill a rattlesnake in the woods, it’s not legal in the event that it’s 42 inches or more in length.


All native Wisconsin reptiles are protected and are not open season. However, the amount of protection for every snake differs. Eastern massasauga rattlesnakes and Northern ribbon snakes and queen snakes and western ribbon snakes have become threatened. Butler’s garter snake is endangered.

These snakes cannot be taken for capture unless you have an valid Endangered and threatened species permit. The permits are only issued to support research, education, and conservation activities.

Black Rat Snakes, Bull Snakes timber rattlesnakes and yellow-bellied racers can’t be caught. They’re not endangered, however, they are protected.


Reptiles are considered to be nongame creatures in Wyoming. There is only one exception that their actions are useful to management or conservation objectives,’ and that ‘the individual seeking a permit is an institution of higher education, government agency, or non-governmental scientific research organization or is deemed as a competent individual through Department of Agriculture. Department.’

In addition to in addition to federal and state laws in addition, it is important to take into consideration municipal laws. Municipalities and municipalities across the nation have laws regarding killing snakes.

It is important to note: Please perform your own investigation, consult with an attorney and/or an agent in your area to ensure that you’re staying within the laws when killing snakes. The laws of every state are susceptible to interpretation and changes.

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