Dark circles Under Eyes: causes, Remedies

When you observe that the under-eye area resembles a smokey eye, it could be due to dark circles. Doing an all-nighter to catch up on the most recent Netflix release may be an explanation, but it’s far from the sole reason that dark circles appear.

Eliminating or reducing dark circles requires an individual approach that may be a challenge. The good news is that there are many home remedies as well as skin care products and medical treatments to fight those under-eye circles that are so annoying.

What can cause deep dark circles around the eyelids?

Dark circles may occur as they develop when the blood vessels begin to weaken that they break which causes discoloration in the upper two layers of the skin. They could also be the result of inadequate blood flow (less oxygenated blood, which results in the appearance of a dark blue streak).

Although some individuals may be more prone towards dark eye circles, your behavior could also be a factor in your under-eye region turning to dark. There are many variables that are involved:

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Your DNA and your health

  • Age. Older adults are more likely to develop dark circles.
  • Genetics. It’s just what your mother gave you. Your genes can cause periorbital hyperpigmentation (aka dark circles).
  • Skin tone darker. People of color are more susceptible to dark circles under the eyes.
  • Allergies that are chronic. Dark circles can be the result of swelling or dilation of blood vessels because of the an allergic response (particularly due to the hay fever). The itchy eyes may be a contributing factor too.
  • Health issues that are underlying. Inflammation around the eyes could be the cause of an immune disorder such as dermatomyositis or a thyroid condition.

Lifestyle choices

  • Sleep deprivation. Dozing off during the corporate-wide Zoom meeting isn’t counted towards the recommended between 7 and 9 hours of rest. If you do not get enough sleep the appearance of the skin will be slapped with dark circles.
  • Dryness of the eyes. Rubbing your eyes could cause more irritation, and can lead to ruptured blood vessels, swelling and swelling.
  • dehydration. Feeling parched? Drinking insufficient fluids can cause a sunken look around the eyes.
  • Too too much sunlight. Spending too much time in the sun’s rays may boost the amount of pigmentation around your eyes.
  • Eye strain. Looking at a screen for a long period of time could cause the blood vessels in your eyes to expand and get darker.
  • Smoking. Taking even an occasional puff or around smoke in the air can cause irritation to your skin around the eyes.

The causes of dark circles

  • Skin thinns under the eye
  • Poor sleep habits
  • Hay Fever
  • Aging
  • Periorbital Hyperpigmentation
  • Melanin production is excessively high.
  • Iron deficiency, which causes Anaemia
  • Exposed to Sunlight
  • Excessive eye rub
  • Smoking habits
  • Genetic predominance
  • Thinner fat tissues around the eyes
  • Thyroid conditions
  • Certain Medications
  • Stress, Fatigue

Dark circles of various types

Dark circles with pigmentation (Brown by hue): These dark circles could be the result of melanin production as well as uneven distribution of pigment.

Vascular dark circles Blush, pink or purple discoloration with puffiness in certain cases, are marked with the presence of veins that is caused by thinned facial skin that result in a decreased flow of blood and the retention of fluid.

Dark circles mixed: Mix of pigmentation and structural characteristics.

Dark circles with a structural structure Dark circles are shadows result of skin laxity or fat loss under the skin and eye bags.

How can you eliminate dark circles under your eyes completely and permanently

Before you go to the store and grab your cucumbers and concealer there’s many treatments available to aid your eye area to see the luminescence. However, keep in mind that the efficacy of treatments vary from person to and the reasons behind it are the same.

Here are some suggestions to get rid of the dark circles under your eyes at home, with skincare treatments, and even in the dermatologist’s clinic.

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Home remedies for dark circles

1. Sleep more

A lack of shut-eye sleep can cause fluid to build up under your eyes, which can cause dark circles. To ensure that you’re sleeping enough it’s possible to change your schedule for sleep.

Get rid of the caffeine six hours prior to going to bed Be sure to avoid exercising or eating food too near to the time of bed. Your TikTok scrolling may also need to be put off. Turning off electronics for up to two hours prior to going to bed can lead to more restful sleep.

2. Try using a wedge pillow

The dark circles you see may not be caused by the way you you’re asleep, but the the position in which you sleep.

The position of your head when you sleep propped up will help reduce any eye fluid that has accumulated around the eyes. While a few pillows could work but a wedge pillow was made to offer that ideal elevated position.

3. Cut up a few cucumbers (spa day option)

Cucumber is probably the fruit section’s most well-known beauty cross-over. The cucumber doesn’t just shine when you eat it and its water content helps help reduce under-eye swelling as well as dark circles.

This procedure is most effective when you lie on your back with cucumber slices chilled over your eyes for fifteen minutes.

4. Take a sip of tea

When you’re in the grocery shop to buy your cucumbers and pick up a cup of caffeinated green or black tea.

Begin by making two tea bags steep in hot water for five minutes. After that, you can put them in the refrigerator to chill between 15 and 20 mins. Apply the tea bags to your eyes closed and let them let them rest over 5-10 minutes. Rinse off with cool water following.

This can help increase blood flow to the eye area as well as shrink blood vessels and decrease the amount of fluid that is retained.

5. Make sure to apply concealer to the under-eye area

The idea of concealing your eyes with concealers for the under eye is similar to throwing a blanket over the pile of clothes that you’re not able to hang and it’s not going to help however, it can make it less obvious.

6. Cold compresses and chills

A cold compress that you would use to treat an illness could work. Placing a cold compress over your eyes may help in reducing the blood vessels which can result in dark circles.

7. Do not use salt

This could be a problem for people who have a tooth that is salty however, too much sodium in your diet may increase the amount of fluid retained and the accumulation of fluid around your eyes may result in dark circles.

The American Heart Association recommends not eating more than 2,300 milligrams sodium a day.

8. Make sure you are getting your antioxidants

Certain processed foods boost the stress of oxidation that can cause inflammation, especially the eye area. Consuming rich in antioxidants such as dark chocolate, berries as well as beans can reduce these effects.

Try using an antioxidant-rich cream for your eyes or balm to your eyes.

9. Find almond oil joy

A mixture of almond oil and vitamin E may be a natural remedy for dark circles if used over time. Massage this mixture under your eyes before going to bed. When you wake up, rinse the area with cold water.

10. Power up the potassium

Potassium-rich foods can help reduce excess fluid that causes dark circles and puffiness. Try adding bananas, beans, and leafy greens to your diet to diminish the puff and lighten up.

11. Up the anti(histamines)

When your skin reacts to an allergy, antihistamines are one way to counteract the effects. Over-the-counter (OTC) oral antihistamines like Benadryl or Zyrtec may help.

12. Reduce stress

Eye-rolling doesn’t cause dark circles, but stress could play a role. Research has found that stress intensifies hyperpigmentation. Reducing stress is easier said than done, but getting more sleep and exercising regularly are good places to start.

13. Tap into an eye massage

Nothing in dark circle treatment is magic, but this 30-second eye massage could help. Using a gentle tapping motion around your eyes can bring blood flow to the area. Unlike a full-on cosmetic facial, a tapping eye massage won’t damage your makeup or drain your wallet.

14. Switch up your eye makeup remover

Got a full 8 hours of sleep but still woke up with dark circles under your eyes? Your dark circles could be nothing more than yesterday’s mascara. Ditch the makeup remover wipes and try a more targeted product to get leftover makeup off for good.

15. Lather on the coconut oil

Coconut oil has a wide range of practical applications, so it’s not surprising that you can also use it to tackle dark circles. After washing your face, massage a teaspoon of room-temperature coconut oil under each eye for 30 seconds.

16. Milk it

Research has shown that applying lactic acid to the skin can tackle skin discoloration.

While there are plenty of OTC products containing lactic acid, you don’t have to look any further than your refrigerator: Milk contains lactic acid and can be used as a compress. Try soaking two cotton balls in cold milk and then holding them under your eyes.

17. Go around the globe

A new take on the cold compress is an ice roller or globe you can move over your under-eye area. These tools go in the freezer at night, so they’re nice and chilly for application after your morning skin care routine. This process can improve circulation and decrease puffiness.

Skin care for dark circles

18. Block that UV light

Overexposure to the sun can cause dark under-eye circles. If you don’t want to put sunscreen on your face every day, try a light-activating moisturizer. Moisturizers with SPF can protect you from UV damage while helping to even out your skin tone.

Also, skip the fashion shades and opt for UV-blocking sunglasses.

19. Say OK to vitamin K

2015 study found that applying vitamin K with an emu oil base under the eyes reduced dark circles in 4 weeks.

20. Add some java to your eye cream

Part of the reason the tea bag treatment works is that caffeine has anti-inflammatory benefits. Coffee may be your go-to morning jolt, but it can also do your skin some good. When mixed into an eye cream formula, coffee can wake your under-eye circles right up.

21. Rev up the retinoids

Age can contribute to dark circles, and retinoids in skin care are known for reducing the effects of aging. Retinoids target skin discoloration by boosting cell turnover. They can be intense, so start slow to avoid drying out your skin.

22. Get on top of a topical agent

A doctor may recommend using a topical bleaching cream to treat dark circles and hyperpigmentation. These creams contain an agent that inhibits the production of melanin on your skin.

The most prescribed bleaching agent is hydroquinone. Studies show that it can take 5 to 7 months of use to be effective. Hydroquinone is only available as a prescription through your doctor. Previously it had been available over the counter but the status was changed in 2021 following a ruling by the FDA.

23. Keep up with kojic acid

Kojic acid is a naturally occurring fungal derivative. While that may sound like the last thing you want to put near your eyes, kojic acid has been used to treat hyperpigmentation. But it may come with some side effects, including redness and contact dermatitis.

24. Add some azelaic acid

Azelaic acid first came onto the scene as an acne treatment, but it was also found to affect the enzyme tyrosinase, which helps with pigment production. Since azelaic acid actually stops DNA synthesis, it can be used safely for long periods of time.

25. Take some (topical) vitamin C

Here’s another vitamin that can be used to treat dark under-eye circles. Although it doesn’t target melanin, it does promote collagen production and help hide the blood buildup that causes dark circles.

Medical treatments for dark circles

26. (Chemical) peel them off

Don’t let that episode of “Sex and the City” where Samantha gets a chemical peel totally scare you.

Chemical peels containing glycolic acid, retinoic acid, or hydroquinone are often used to treat dark under-eye circles. A peel containing salicylic acid, lactic acid, and resorcinol (aka a Jessner peel) is also an option.

27. Beam me up

Lasers aren’t just for annoying presentations (and teasing your cat). Noninvasive laser treatments such as pulsed dye laser, diode laser, and intensed pulsed light laser can target hyperpigmentation.

28. Fill ’em up

Fillers that target under-eye circles come in the form of hyaluronic acid gel. This treatment creates 3D reshaping under the eyes. This may work best for people whose dark circles are a result of thinning skin or loss of fatty tissue in the area.

29. Get filled in with a fat transplant

If the skin under your eyelids is thin and translucent, a fat transplant to the area may be a possible solution.

30. Surgery

The surgery that targets dark circles is called blepharoplasty. This outpatient procedure typically involves the removal of fat from under the eyes. If effective, blepharoplasty needs to be done only once.

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When do you need to see a doctor or dermatologist?

While it’s typically just an aesthetic issue, the presence of dark under-eye circles could also be a sign of a health condition such as:

If you notice swelling or discoloration under one eye, it’s time to chat with your doctor. Also, if you’re pregnant or breastfeeding, make sure to get your doc’s OK on any new skin care products before you use them.

The Takeaway

The appearance of dark circles is typically a cosmetic issue and can affect anyone. Age is a factor, as are skin pigment and genetics. Certain lifestyle changes — like quitting smoking and not staying up all night playing Animal Crossing (you know who you are) — could improve dark circles.

In other cases, medical intervention may be necessary to show your dark circles the light. A dermatologist can give you peace of mind and suggest possible medical treatments.

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