How Much Does A Cow Weigh? – Learning Drives

How Much Does A Cow Weigh? – Learning Drives .While the majority of cows weigh a lot but the weight of each differs between cows and herd to herd and breeds to breeds. This is because there isn’t a one-size that will tell you the weight of a cow. It is better to consider your cow’s age, the breed of the animal, and the gender of the cow. By analyzing a variety of aspects will you be able to get an accurate estimate of the amount a specific cow weighs.

A bull of adult size weighs in the range of 2,400 pounds. An adult cow weighs around 1600 tons. To learn about the weight average of various cows, such as calf and beef and dairy cows continue going through. This article discusses the elements that influence the weight of a cow and illustrates the weights of various breeds. 

How Much Does a Cow Weigh?

There isn’t any one way to determine the weight of a cow. There are many factors that affect the weight and weight gain of a cow like breed and age and gender. Therefore, there’s a variety of cows’ weights, even those belonging to that same herd.

For instance, the heftiest cattle is known as that of the Chianina breed and it weighs about 3500 pounds. By contrast, the most compact cow on the planet is just 20 inches in height and weighs just about 57 pounds. Naturally, cows differ in terms of size and weight.

However, we are able to provide averages. The average weight for male bulls is 2400lbs and the average weight of adult cattle is 1600 pounds. These are only averages, however they do reveal the weight differences between males and females.

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Factors that impact a cow’s weight

As we’ve mentioned, a variety of variables affect the cow’s weight. The most obvious ones are breed, gender and the age. In addition, the food source and individual genetics affect the weight which is the reason why cows with similar age and herds can have drastically different weights.

The most significant things to think about when evaluating the weight of a cow include:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Breed
  • Location
  • Sources of food and nutrition
  • Individual traits

Since all of these variables affect the cow’s weight the weights we present below are estimates of averages. That means the numbers provided are only estimates. Although they give an idea of the weight of cows they shouldn’t be taken as a definitive proof of how heavy a cow is supposed to be.

What Does A Calf Weigh?

A Calf is an animal or bull who isn’t yet a year old. Because they are young, they tend to be less tinier and have less weight than adult counterparts.

When they are born, calves weigh in the range of 82 pounds. In one month in their lives you can anticipate bull calves to gain just a little under 80 pounds. Heifers gained a bit less weight, but they still gained quite a bit in the same time. As they increase in size, they add greater and heavier weight. Calves may gain hundreds of pounds in their first few years of their life.

The breed of calf can significantly affect how much the calves weighs at birth and how much weight they put on in the first year of their lives. For instance that a Jersey calf could weigh just 93 pounds in its first month of the world, while the Brown Swiss can weigh as more than 163 pounds.

AgeJersey (lbs. )Holstein (lbs. )Guernsey (lbs. )Brown Swiss (lbs. )
1 month93-108119-136122-143134-163
2 months122-146161-189166-193187-223
3 months155-177211-234203-233240-283
4 months183-217258-284255-299293-343
5 months233-278311-339299-354345-403
6 months259-321369-422366-434396-462
8 months335-412468-530433-503498-580
10 months391-483575-653511-588597-694
12 months471-548682-760576-674693-805

What does a Beef Cow Weigh?

When compared to calves beef cows weigh more. In reality some cattle are used to make meat because they’re huge and provide greater meat. Therefore, the calves of beef cows weigh more than the breeds listed above.

The most adored cattle breeds of beef is called one called the Angus cow. If you consider that the Angus cattle is just 6 months old, the animal typically weighs between 500 and 525 pounds. Heifers who mature tend to weigh approximately 800- and 1,000 pounds. Other cattle, like the Shorthorn and the Shorthorn, weigh more that the Angus.

In the same way the weight of male beef cattle is significantly more than female counterparts. While mature Angus Heifers can weigh up to at a maximum of 1,400 pounds, Angus males are on average 1,870 pounds. In contrast, Shorthorn males average around 2,100 pounds.

BreedMale (lbs. )Female (lbs. )

What Does a Beef Cow Weigh at Slaughter?

When slaughtered, the majority of cows weigh between 990 and 1,350 pounds. However, the exact weight varies based on the demands of the buyer.

It is important to keep in your mind it’s not the case that all cattle are slaughtered when they reach maturity. Some customers prefer softer meat, and this is likely to be taken from calves. Therefore slaughtered calves weigh less than mature cattle that are killed.

Be aware that the quantity of meat that is used as food isn’t equal to the total amount of weight the animal. Instead, around 70% or less of the carcass’ weight are used to make food. Let’s look at an instance. Let’s suppose it is the case Angus female is killed by a weighing of 1200 pounds. It is likely that the carcass’s weight on the hanger will be less than 775 pounds.

How Much Does a Dairy Cow Weigh?

Similar to beef cows their weight, the size of a dairy animal is dependent on the breed of its animal. Dairy cows don’t tend to be heavier than beef cows due to the fact that they don’t have to produce the same amount of food. Of course dairy cows are female, which also makes dairy cows weigh less than beef cattle.

BreedAverage Weight (lbs. )
Brown Swiss1,350
Dairy Shorthorn1,450

The weight of the cow tells the story

The only way to objectively evaluate weight fluctuations is to weigh cattle on a regular basis. Unfortunately, very few farmers are willing or have the funds to weigh their cattle. But, technology is readily available to help weight cattle and manage the data in order to make better informed management decisions. 

Scales for walk-overs are available and can be put on the exits of the dairy parlor. RFID readers track every cow that passes across the scale. Manny Salcedo, president of the Dairy Performance Network, tracks the weight loss of cows and has created an algorithm that matches cow weight with what the cow produces in milk on an daily basis to determine whether the cow falls within a weight loss range that is acceptable. Any cow that is not within the limit is subject to additional investigation.

The data on cow weight can be used in many ways, beginning with benchmarks that are established to measure individual cows and the pens of cows in every herd. Weights alone can indicate whether the occurrence of a health issue is likely and prompt an intervention to aid in managing the health issue. Furthermore, weights can be examined across cows in pens by nutritionists in order to determine if changes in rations are required to compensate for excessive or insufficient loss of weight. If you wish for your heifers reach calving at 85% mature weight, it is essential to be precise about the mature weight in order to establish a of heifer growth.

Final Thoughts

Naturally, cows come in all forms and dimensions. While obvious aspects such as breed, age and gender affect the weight of a cattle as do place of the herd and the diet it follows. Naturally, cows that have constant access to food are heavier than those who adhere to strict eating routines.


What is the hanging weight?

The hanging weight is the amount of the animal’s carcass after it has been field-dressed but before it is aged and cut. It is then wrapped and frozen.

Why should you use the measurement of hanging?

We employ this weight measurement as we aren’t selling individual cuts of meat, but rather in a halve, quarter or even the entire animal. The pieces don’t have to be weighed, which results in a price reduction as compared to retail cuts sold individually.

What is the hanging weight? How does it be related to live weight, or the weight of packaged retail?

In general for a properly completed 100 percent grass fed steer hang weights are about 60 percent of the weight that is live and meat cut and packed meat is approximately 60 percent of the weight hanging. Here’s the equation:

1100 lbs weight of live weight divided by .6 is 660 pounds of hanging weight divided by .6 is 396 pounds weight of meat packaged on a complete beef animal. This is the general principle. If the animal that is beefed is excessively fat then the hanging weight of the meat product yield will be lower since more of it is cut off. If there’s not enough fat the yield will be less because there’s more bone per fat/muscle.

What will a whole cow cost?

A beef-beef animal that is whole weighs on average 665 lbs.
Hanging weight of 660 pounds x $3.15 / lb = 2079
Processing fee is $369.60
Total = $2448.60

In the average, you will find approximately 396 lbs of meat packaged on a beef animal with an estimated hanging weight of 660lbs. $2448.60 (396 lbs) = $6.18 per lb. of meat packaged.

What will a half of a beef beast cost?

A halved beef animal weighs the average at 330 pounds hanging weight.
300 lbs of hanging weight $3.25 per Lb = $1072.50
Processing fee equals $184.80
Total = $1257.30

On average , there will be approximately 198 pounds of meat packaged in a halved beef animal with an average hanging weight of 330 pounds. $1257.30 * 198 lbs equals $6.35 per lb of meat that is packaged.

What is a quarter-beef animals cost?

A quarter of a beef animal weighs at 165 pounds.
Hanging weight of 165 lbs multiplied by $3.40 per 1 lb = $561.00
Processing cost is $92.40
Total = $653.40

On average, you will find around 99 lbs of meat packaged on a quarter-beef animal with an estimated hanging weight of 165lbs. $653.40 /99 lbsequals $6.60 per lb of meat packaged.

How CVM Farm’s 100 percent grass-fed, real beef costs compare with the prices at retail stores?

The price average at the grocery store for grass-fed 100% beef hamburger is $9 1 lb and the price is significantly higher for steaks. Simply using the cost of ground beef to compare the price of retail 100 grass-fed with our quarter priceof $9/lb $6.60 / lb $6.60 per Lb = $2.40 per lb savings 99 pounds is $237.60 savings over the retail price per quarter. If we analyze steak prices, the amount is much greater. When you purchase our quarters, you pay the same amount for everything. At the supermarket the steaks cost at least double the price of ground price of the beef.

Why is it that our meat is sold by the quarter or half and whole quantities (Custom Slaughter)?

We employ a custom butchering company which comes into the field and picks the animals right on the spot. This takes a lot of stress off the animal that does not have to be weighed, separated from the herd, and driving down the road and be able to witness the sights and sound and aromas from the slaughterhouse. In order to make this legal customers need to order one quarter of their animal. 

This is known as “custom-butchering. It is not possible to have animals killed on farms and sell it per portion retail. This can affect the flavor and quality of the beef without the hormone adrenaline and various stress hormones immediately prior to butchering. 

Apart from better tasting beef, the consumer can get a discount of 20-30% of the retail prices. This is about a hundred dollars off the cost of a quarter cow which is a significant savings in the event that you buy identical 100% grass-fed cuts of beef from the supermarket. By bringing together and purchasing at least a quarter of beef with your friends and relatives, you can are able to save money, have more delicious meat and ensure a more respectable and less stressful method to slaughter animals.

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